Top 5 Biggest Forest in India / indian forest information / Forest in India 2018 :- Forestry in India is a significant rural industry and a major environmental resource. India is one of the ten most forest-rich countries of the world along with the Russian Federation, Brazil, Canada, United States of America, China, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Australia, Indonesia and Sudan. India and these countries account for 67 percent of total forest area of the world. India’s forest cover grew at 0.22 annually over 1990-2000,]and has grown at the rate of 0.46% per year over 2000-2010, after decades where forest degradation was a matter of serious concern. The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations estimates India’s forest cover to be about 68 million hectares, or 22% of the country’s area.
The 2013 Forest Survey of India states its forest cover increased to 69.8 million hectares by 2012, per satellite measurements; this represents an increase of 5,871 square kilometers of forest cover in 2 years. The gains were primarily in northern, central and southern Indian states, while northeastern states witnessed a net loss in forest cover over 2010 to 2012. In 2002, forestry industry contributed 1.7% to India’s GDP. In 2010, the contribution to GDP dropped to 0.9%, largely because of rapid growth of the economy in other sectors and the government’s decision to reform and reduce import tariffs to let imports satisfy the growing Indian demand for wood products.
India produces a range of processed forest (wood and non-wood) products ranging from wood panel products and wood pulp to make bronze, rattazikistan ware and pern resin. India’s paper industry produces over 3,000 metric tonnes annually from more than 400 mills. The furniture and craft industry is another consumer of wood. India’s wood-based processing industries consumed about 30 million cubic metres of industrial wood in 2002.
list of forests in india / name of largest forest in india / forests in india
India annually consumes an additional 270 million tonnes of fuelwood, 2800 million tonnes of fodder, and about 102 million cubic meter of forest products – valued at about ₹27,500 crore (US$4.3 billion) a year. India is one of the world’s largest consumer of fuel-wood. India’s consumption of fuel-wood is about five times higher than what can be sustainably removed from forests. A large percentage of this fuel-wood is grown as biomass remaining from agriculture, and is managed outside forests. Fuel-wood meets about 40% of the energy needs of the country. Around 80% of rural people and 48% of urban people use fuel-wood. Unless India makes major, rapid and sustained effort to expand electricity generation and power plants, the rural and urban poor in India will continue to meet their energy needs through unsustainable destruction of forests and fuel wood consumption.
India’sdependence on fuel-wood and forestry products as a primary energy source is not only environmentally unsustainable, it is a primary cause of India’s near-permanent haze and air pollution. Forestry in India is more than just about wood and fuel. India has a thriving non-wood forest products industry, which produces latex, gums, resins, essential oils, flavours, fragrances and aroma chemicals, incense sticks, handicrafts, thatching materials and medicinal plants.
Top 5 Biggest Forest in India / indian forest information 2018
1. The Sundarbans, West Bengal
It is located in the eastern state of the West Bengal. the Sundarbans are known to be the home to the white tiger which is a variant of the Royal Bengal tiger. The vast Sundarbans National park is part of the Sundarbans delta which cover the close to about 10,000 square kilometers and are the largest deltas in the world. This lush green mangrove forest is a tiger reserve and a biosphere reserve. A large number of the Sundari trees spread across the forest which also houses the fishing cats, leopard cats, macaques, wild boar, Indian grey mongoose, fox, jungle cat, flying fox, pangolin, and the Chita.
2. Gir forest, Gujarat
This is the best place to spot the Asiatic Lion, the Gir forest in the Gujarat is a delight for the wildlife lovers. The Gir National Park is spread over around the 1,412 sq km in the Junagadh district of Gujarat. It was the erstwhile game preserve of the Nawab of the Junagadh and it was established as a national park in the year of 1965 with the only aim to protect and increase the lion population, which had sunk to the two dozen in the early 20th century. Apart from the Asiatic lions, the dry deciduous forest is the home to a several leopards which includes the jungle cat, desert cat, rusty spotted cat. You will also find the sloth bears, the Indian cobras, striped hyenas, golden jackals, Indian mongoose, Indian palm civets, ratels, chital, nilgai, sambar, four-horned antelope, chinkara and the wild boar.
3. Khasi hills, Meghalay
This stunning northeast of the India is a famous for its vast, green, sprawling Khasi Hills. The beautiful Khasi forests are some part of the Meghalaya subtropical forests eco region. They are not only being extremely picturesque all the year round thanks to the high amount of the rainfall in the region, they are also responsible for the clean and also the rejuvenating ambiance of the Meghalay which is making it a tourist delight.
4. Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh
The Namdapha National Park in the Arunachal Pradesh is the third largest national park in the world. It is spanning over an area of the around 1985 sq.km., with the 177 sq.km. in the buffer zone and around the 1808 sq.km. in the core area, this Namdapha National Park forms the greatest forest region of the India. It is nestled between the Patkai range and the Dapha bum range of the Mishmi Hills. This park is the home to a snow leopard, clouded leopards, common leopards, tigers, dholes, wolves, Asiatic black bears, red panda, red fox, yellow-throated marten, Slow Loris, Hoolock Gibbons, Capped Langurs, Assamese Macaques and the Rhesus Macaques. Its biggest draw is the critically endangered Namdapha in which the Flying Squirrel which is only found here.
5. Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand
The Uttarakhand’s Jim Corbett National Park is the one of India’s most popular tourist attractions, especially for the wildlife lovers. It is Established in the year of 1936, and also it is India’s first national park. The most commonly found wildlife at the Jim Corbett which includes the wild elephants, the sloth bears, the langurs, rhesus macaques, peacocks, and the schools of otters, these several types of the deer including the chital which is spotted deer, the sambars, hog deer and the barking deer. This Forest is one of the best forests of India to spend a peaceful vacation in this. So many tourists were coming here to see its different wildlife and the beauty of this forest.