Oldest language in the world / oldest language / what was the first language :- This is a list of languages arranged by the approximate dates of the oldest existing texts recording a complete sentence in the language. It does not include undeciphered scripts, though there are various claims without wide acceptance, which, if substantiated, would push backward the first attestation of certain languages. It also does not include inscriptions consisting of isolated words or names from a language. A written record may encode a stage of a language corresponding to an earlier time, either as a result of oral tradition, or because the earliest source is a copy of an older manuscript that was lost. An oral tradition of epic poetry may typically bridge a few centuries, and in rare cases, over a millennium.
Anextreme case is the Vedic Sanskrit of the Rigveda: the earliest parts of this text may date to c. 1500 BC, while the oldest known manuscript dates to the 11th century AD, a gap of over 2,500 years. Similarly the oldest Avestan texts, the Gathas, are believed to have been composed before 1000 BC, but the oldest Avestan manuscripts date from the 13th century AD. Because of the way languages change gradually, it is usually impossible to pinpoint when a given language began to be spoken.
In many cases, some form of the language had already been spoken (and even written) considerably earlier than the dates of the earliest extant samples provided here. For languages that have developed out of a known predecessor, dates provided here are subject to conventional terminology. For example, Old French developed gradually out of Vulgar Latin, and the Oaths of Strasbourg (842) listed are the earliest text that is classified as “Old French”. Similarly, Danish and Swedish separated from common Old East Norse in the 12th century, while Norwegian separated from Old West Norse around 1300.
what is the oldest language / first language on earth / oldest living language in the world
Sanskrit is an Old Indo-Aryan language, exists at least 6,000 years old and to be considered as the language of the Gods. The language is created through the natural sound through the human mouth. The total letters of Sanskrit alphabet are 49 letters with vowels, consonants, and semivowels. It’s the language of Uttarakhand in the north (one of the Indian state). As the language is the combination of the sound vibrations, it is the mind and natural realm for mantra meditation. Each letter has a particular sound which is described as “a particular god who manifest as that sound”.
2. TAMIL (தமிழ்)
Tamil scripts can be found when we visit some of the oldest temples in rock sculptures, potsherds, and monuments built by the historical rulers around 3rd century BC – 3rd century AD. The Archaeological Survey of India also discovered about 55,000 epigraphical inscriptions in the Tamil language. Tamil was the first India language to be accorded status as a classical language of India by the Government of India in 2004.
It ranks 17th among the top twenty of the world’s most spoken language. UNESCO confirmed the two earliest manuscripts from Tamil in 1997 and 2005. Tamil was created and developed in the southern part of India. It is a language group of the Dravidian language family. Surprisingly, because of its musical melody in language, it is suspected that Tamil passed to the following new generation by song rather than written words. Tamil literature has been described as “one of the great classical traditions and literature of the world”.
3. LITHUANIAN (Lietuvos)
Lithuanian is known as the oldest surviving Indo-European language. It retains archaic feature and it shares similar form as Sanskrit, a classical Indian language. Nowadays, there are over 3 million speakers worldwide can speak Lithuanian. There are quite big Lithuanian communities in European countries such as United States, Canada, Argentina, Brazil, Great Britain, Ireland, Spain, Germany, Australia, Latvia, and Russia. It is one of the 24 official languages of the EU. The Lithuanian character is based on Latin and its alphabet has 32 with 12 vowels and 20 consonants. It includes shifting accents and letters are such as this: ą, ę, į, ų, ė, č, š, ž, ū.
Persian language, also called Farsi, belongs to the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian language. It is spoken by 130 million people, mostly in Iran, in Afghanistan and in Tajikistan. In other countries, there is also a large number of Persian speakers like in Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Turkey, Kuwait, Israel, Oman, the UAE and the USA. Ancient Persian is founded in the southwest in a form of the cuneiform inscription during the Achaemenid dynasty (550-330 BC). Sanskrit, Greek, and Latin language are in some aspects influenced by old Persian. Modern Persian is recorded in the Arabic script appearing in the 9th century. It uses abjad writing system including letters for consonants only.
Icelandic language is formed in the 9th century and is mostly spoken by the Nordic people. It is also spoken in some regions of England, Ireland, Scotland, some parts of France and Russian and Constantinople. There is no difference between dialects in different regions in Iceland, however, in some regions, the pronunciation has some changes such as the aspirated sound after a long vowel. Historically, since the 18th century, it was under threat of the Danish effect, however, the changes in modern and the old Icelandic are not much. The written language had insignificant influence on the structure of the sentences and inflection while the pronunciation has modified in some aspects.
6. MACEDONIAN (македонски)
Ancient Macedonian was spoken during the 1st millennium BC and gradually disappeared during the 4th century BC. A modern standard of Macedonian existed in 1945 since many literary Macedonian has been started to be published. Macedonian is spoken in many European countries, in the US, Canada, Australia and 67% of the Republic of Macedonia speak the official language. Macedonian has more similarities with Bulgarian and in some extents with Serbian. It belongs to the Indo-European language family while it is also a Balkan language which is the native language of the Balkan states. The members of the Macedonian nation has a different language showing its independence between every member. Macedonian alphabet is the Cyrillic type, separated into 2 groups including the western and the eastern dialects. In Macedonia, both Cyrillic and the Roman alphabet are used, however, the Cyrillic is more dominant.
7. FINNISH (Suomi)
Not like Germanic, Celtic, Romance and Slavic language, Finnish does not belong to Indo-European, but Finno-Uralic language family instead. Even though it does not one of an Indo-European family, Finnish still shares the great number of words with Germanic. This is the result of trading iron and goods in the past of ancient Finns with Germanic peoples. Ancient Finnish is a theoretical language called Sami which is original from 1500 BCE. Surprisingly, Finnish is only written down in the 16th century by Mikael Agricola, before that it had been a verbal language which has no written form. After about a hundred years later, the form spread and started to develop to be more coherent and it combined some words of Latin, Swedish, and German. 1892 is the important year as Finnish was adopted as the official language of Finland.